Bermudagrass Scale

Order/Family: Homoptera/Coccidae


  • Nymphs and females are covered by a white waxy turtle-like shell which is 1/16-inch long.
  • They have piercing and sucking mouthparts.
  • Males are rarely seen.

Biology and Habits:

  • They overwinter as black eggs attached to the host plant.
  • The eggs hatch in late winter and early spring; the nymphs mature into wingless females, and in 1 to 3 weeks begin laying 1 to 8 live nymphs per day.
  • In late summer some nymphs develop wings and fly to other plants.
  • In the fall some nymphs mature into males which mat with females which begin producing eggs.
  • There are 5-20 generations per year.


Turf Attacked:

  • Bermudagrass



  • Stunted growth which results from scale sucking juices from the leaves and stems.
  • Damage is most severe during dry conditions; large areas of damaged turf may die.